|1760||French immigrant Pierre Lorillard founds LORILLARD|
|1783||With the "Peace of Paris" the United States of America become independent from Great Britain.|
|1803||USA buys Louisiana from France (today's Arkansas, Iowa, Colorado, Kansas, Louisiana, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Wyoming)|
|1810||Foundation of FRISHMUTH BROS & CO.|
|1819||Florida becomes part of USA|
|1838||Foundation of S.F. HESS & CO.|
|1845||Texas becomes part of USA|
|1846||California and New Mexico become part of USA|
|1848||Arizona becomes part of USA|
|1849||John Edmund Liggett establishes J.E. LIGGETT & BROTHER|
|1852||Foundation of CHRISTIAN PEPER TOBACCO COMPANY|
|1856||Foundation of JOHN MIDDLETON TOBACCO COMPANY|
|1860||LORILLARD celebrates it's 100th birthday by wrapping 100$ bills at
random in CENTURY cigarette tobacco packs.
One of the first popular cigarettes at USA is BULL DURHAM.
|1867||USA buys Alaska from Russia|
|1869||JOHN ALLEN introduces his first brand SWEET
BLACKWELL & CO. buys BULL DURHAM brand from JOHN GREEN.
JOHN EDMUND LIGGETT creates his first cigarettes
|1870||BEDROSSIAN BROS. are the first ones mixing US and oriental tobacco in a cigarette|
|1871||R.A. Patterson founds the LUCKY STRIKE COMPANY|
|1873||RUFUS AND WILLIAM BROWN open a tobacco factory at Mocksville|
|1875||Richard Joshua Reynolds founds R.J. REYNOLDS.
ALLEN & GINTER COMPANY introduces picture cards at their cigarette brands RICHMOND STRAIGHT CUT NO.1 and PET. The cards are a huge hit.
|1876||RUFUS AND WILLIAM BROWN move from Mocksville to Winston|
|1877||Charles and Herbert Larus found LARUS & BROTHER CO. INC.
Foundation of SCHINASI BROS.
|1878||John Edmund Liggett & George S. Myers found LIGGETT & MYERS COMPANY|
|1880||James Bonsack invents the first cigarette producing machine (200 cigarettes a minute), but it doesn't work properly until 1884|
|1881||W. DUKE, SONS &
COMPANY begins manufacturing
cigarettes, first brand is DUKE
Foundation of WILLIAM S. KIMBALL & COMPANY
|1883||Sam Leavitt and William Peirce found LEAVITT & PEIRCE|
|1884||W. DUKE, SONS & COMPANY leases 2 of the imperfect Bonsack machines and brings them with the help of a mechanic from the Bonsack Machine Company finally to run. James Buchanan (Buck) Duke opens a branch of W. DUKE, SONS & COMPANY at New York. Within a few years it became the leading cigarette producer in USA.|
|1885||Sotorios Anargyros buys THOMSON TOBACCO COMPANY and renames it to S. ANARGYROS & CO.|
|1887||FELGNER joines MARBURG BROS.|
|1888||LIGGETT & MYERS COMPANY acquires DRUMMOND TOBACCO COMPANY|
|1889||James Buchanan (Buck) Duke founds AMERICAN TOBACCO COMPANY by merging ALLEN & GINTER COMPANY, F.S. KINNEY COMPANY, GOODWIN COMPANY, WILLIAM S. KIMBALL & COMPANY and W. DUKE, SONS & COMPANY, the 5 leading American tobacco companies at this time. This new company produced about 90% of all US cigarettes and became quickly known as the "tobacco trust".|
|1890||Foundation of LANE LIMITED|
AMERICAN TOBACCO COMPANY acquires CONSOLIDATED CIGARETTE COMPANY.
Stephane and Constantin Stephano found STEPHANO BROS TOBACCO COMPANY.
|1896||GEORGE BRWON & ROBERT WILLIAMSON (both fathers had already tobacco factories) establish a joint company|
|1898||Hawai becomes part of USA.
AMERICAN TOBACCO COMPANY founds CONTINENTAL TOBACCO COMPANY and acquires ECKMEYER & CO.
|1899||BENSON & HEDGES opens a branch at New
AMERICAN TOBACCO COMPANY acquires BLACKWELL, DRUMMOND, LIGGETT & MYERS TOBACCO COMPANY, P. LORILLARD COMPANY, MONOPOLE TOBACCO WORKS and NATIONAL CIGARETTE COMPANY
|1900||AMERICAN TOBACCO COMPANY acquires S. ANARGYROS & CO. and R.J. REYNOLDS.|
|1901||James Buchanan (Buck) Duke fuses his CONTINENTAL TOBACCO COMPANY and AMERICAN TOBACCO
COMPANY into CONSOLIDATED
Foundation of PENN TOBACCO COMPANY
CONSOLIDATED TOBACCO and IMPERIAL TOBACCO (GB)
found BAT (2 thirds owned by Consolidated, 1 third by Imperial) in
order to sell both companies' brands abroad.
PHILIP MORRIS (GB) establishes PHILIP MORRIS at New York.
AXTON FISHER TOBACCO CO.
AMERICAN TOBACCO CO. acquires WELLS-WHITEHEAD
|1904||CONSOLIDATED TOBACCO becomes AMERICAN TOBACCO CO..
Miltiades Melachrino founds M. MELACHRINO & CO.
|1905||AMERICAN TOBACCO CO. acquires LUCKY STRIKE
Foundation of G.A. GEORGOPULO & CO..
NESTOR GIANACLIS opens a branch at Boston.
|1906||BROWN & WILLIAMSON gets established|
|1907||AMERICAN TOBACCO CO. acquires BUTLER & BUTLER TOBACCO CO..|
|1911||Forced by US government AMERICAN TOBACCO CO. (controls now 92% of world's tobacco business) breaks up into AMERICAN TOBACCO CO. (with brands HASSAN, MECCA, OMAR, PALL MALL, SWEET CAPORAL), LIGGETT & MYERS TOBACCO COMPANY (with brands AMERICAN BEAUTY, COUPON, FATIMA, HOME RUN, IMPERIALES, KING BEE, PIEDMONT and all cheap straight domestic brands), P. LORRILARD COMPANY (with brands EGYPTIAN DEITIES, HELMAR, MOGUL, MURAD, TURKISH TROPHIES, ZUBELDA and all straight Turkish brands except FATIMA), R.J. REYNOLDS (no cigarette brands) and divests itself of it's BAT shares which opens the US market for it. BAT gets listed on the London Stock Exchange, most shares acquired by British investors.|
|1913||R.J. REYNOLDS launches CAMEL
cigarettes, their first blended cigarette. It was named after a circus camel called Old Joe.
The same year they use for their pipe tobacco PRINCE ALBERT for the first time the term "AMERICAN BLEND".
AMERICAN TOBACCO CO. buys M. MELACHRINO & CO.
|1915||Nicholaos I. Sossidi founds N.I. SOSSIDI|
|1919||GEORGE WHELAN TOBACCO acquires PHILIP MORRIS, moves it from New York to Richmond and introduces the coronet logo (veni, vidi, vici).|
Miltiades Melachrino founds one more time M. MELACHRINO &
U.S. TOBACCO COMPANY becomes U.S.T.C. OF NEW-JERSEY
|1923||CAMEL has 45% of the US-market.|
|1925||BROWN & WILLIAMSON buys J.G. FLYNT TOBACCO.|
BROWN & WILLIAMSON buys R.P. RICHARDSON COMPANY.
AXTON-FISHER TOBACCO CO. buys SPUD menthol brand from LLOYD HUGHES.
|1927||BAT acquires BROWN &
Foundation of DRUCQUER & SONS
|1929||PHILIP MORRIS gets independent from GEORGE
WHELAN TOBACCO, buys a cigarette
factory in Richmond and finally begins manufacturing it's
BROWN & WILLIAMSON moves from Winston-Salem to Louisville.
|1930||Nat Sherman and Charles Bear found NAT SHERMAN.
Top 5 US brands: LUCKY STRIKE , CAMEL, CHESTERFIELD, OLD GOLD, RALEIGH
R.J. REYNOLDS is the first company using cellophane sealing for
JULEP CIGARETTE COMPANY buys GOLD LEAF CIGARETTE & TOBACCO COMPANY
|1932||Introduction of tax stamps (1 inch wide).|
|1934||PHILIP MORRIS acquires CONTINENTAL TOBACCO COMPANY|
|1936||BROWN & WILLIAMSON launches VICEROY, the first cigarette with a cork-tipped filter.|
|1939||AMERICAN TOBACCO CO. launches PALL MALL KING SIZE , the first King-Size cigarette ever.|
|1940||Top 5 US brands: CAMEL, LUCKY STRIKE, CHESTERFIELD, RALEIGH, OLD GOLD|
|1943||BLOCH BROS. TOBACCO COMPANY acquires PENN TOBACCO COMPANY|
|1944||PHILIP MORRIS acquires AXTON-FISHER TOBACCO CO.|
|1950||Top 5 US brands: CAMEL, LUCKY STRIKE, CHESTERFIELD, COMMANDER, OLD GOLD|
|1952||BROWN & WILLIAMSON launches VICEROY with a cellulose acetate filter, the first one worlwide.|
R.J. REYNOLDS launches WINSTON, the
first big-selling filter cigarette.
PHILIP MORRIS acquires American BENSON & HEDGES.
|1955||Tax stamps get smaller (3/4 of an inch wide).
PHILIP MORRIS invents the Flip-Top box and redesigns MARLBORO as they are known today.
|1956||BAT acquires overseas business for
BENSON & HEDGES brand.
R.J. REYNOLDS launches SALEM, the first filter-tipped menthol cigarette.
|1958||PHILIP MORRIS acquires BENSON & HEDGES rights for American continent (except Canada) and introduces ALPINE cigarettes.|
|1960||No more tax stamps.|
|1964||BROWN & WILLIAMSON launches CARLTON, the first cigarette with tar and nicotine test results printed on it.|
|1966||WINSTON becomes best selling cigarette in USA.|
|1967||Introduction of new tax stamps at bottom and health warnings (starting with CAUTION:)|
|1968||LIGGETT & MYERS TOBACCO COMPANY
becomes LIGGETT & MYERS.
Canadian ROTHMANS acquires LARUS & BROTHER CO. INC. and renames it to HOUSE OF EDGEWORTH.
|1969||AMERICAN TOBACCO COMPANY becomes AMERICAN BRANDS.|
|1970||Top 5 US brands: WINSTON, PALL MALL, MARLBORO, SALEM, KOOL|
|1971||New health warnings starting with WARNING:, no more cigarette ads on TV|
|1972||The convention from 1902 between AMERICAN TOBACCO COMPANY, IMPERIAL TOBACCO (GB) and BAT is revoked. IMPERIAL TOBACCO (GB) and BAT get back the exclusive ownership of their original brands.|
|1974||BAT acquires STEPHANO BROS TOBACCO COMPANY|
|1975||MARLBORO overtakes WINSTON as the best-selling cigarette in USA.|
|1976||LIGGETT & MYERS becomes LIGGETT GROUP|
|1977||BAT acquires international business of LORILLARD.|
|1978||PHILIP MORRIS acquires international cigarette business of LIGGETT GROUP.|
|1979||Top 20 US brands: MARLBORO, WINSTON, KOOL, SALEM, PALL MALL, BENSON & HEDGES, CAMEL, MERIT, VANTAGE, KENT, CARLTON, GOLDEN LIGHTS, TAREYTON, VICEROY, TRUE, RALEIGH, VIRGINIA SLIMS, NEWPORT, PARLIAMENT, L&M|
|1980||LIGGETT GROUP gets bought by UK's GRAND METROPOLITAN and founds generic branch GARY TOBACCO CO.|
|1982||Foundation of SANTA FE NATURAL TOBACCO.|
|1984||Foundation of ROBERT A. GORDON CO.|
|1986||New health warnings starting with SURGEON GENERAL'S WARNING:|
|1990||Foundation of G.A. ANDRON & CO.
by buying G.A. GEORGOPULO.
Foundation of STAR TOBACCO.
Top 5 US brands: MARLBORO, WINSTON, SALEM, KOOL, NEWPORT
|1994||BAT buys AMERICAN TOBACCO from AMERICAN BRANDS.|
|1995||Foundation of PREMIER MANUFACTURING INC.|
|1997||AMERICAN BRANDS renames itself to
FORTUNE BRANDS after spinning-off it's last tobacco unit GALLAHER (GB) on the Londen Stock Exchange.
Foundation of GENERAL TOBACCO
|1999||BATmerges with ROTHMANS INTERNATIONAL (NL).
R.J. REYNOLDS lost all it's non-US international tobacco operations to JAPAN TOBACCO.
PHILIP MORRIS acquires brands L&M, LARK and CHESTERFIELD from LIGGETT GROUP.
|2000||Top 10 US brands: MARLBORO, DORAL, NEWPORT, CAMEL, WINSTON, BASIC, GPC, KOOL, SALEM, VIRGINIA SLIMS|
|2002||R.J. REYNOLDS buys SANTA FE NATURAL TOBACCO|
|2004||R.J. REYNOLDS buys BROWN & WILLIAMSON from BAT and
renames itself to REYNOLDS AMERICAN
Closure of ROBERT A. GORDON CO.
|2007||IMPERIAL TOBACCO (GB) acquires COMMONWEALTH BRANDS INC.|
|2010||Closure of GENERAL TOBACCO, terms like "light" and "mild" are no longer allowed|
|2014||REYNOLDS AMERICAN acquires LORILLARD|
|2017||BAT acquires REYNOLDS AMERICAN|